Illumination Survey or Light Assessment or Lux Level survey is conducted to identify Too much bright light, glare, low light or flickering light to avoid potential hazards and evaluation of risk to improve employee safety.
Sufficient Lighting has major impact on performance and efficiency of the employees at workplace. It helps them to read labels and safety instructions clearly without any hurdles, to make sure prevention of health hazards of employees.
Therefore there should be appropriate light fall on desk or work area of the employees. Too much bright light (High intensity), Strong glare, Low light, or continuous flickering light are unsuitable for workplace. To ensure good lighting the persons who is accountable for workplace should contact environmental consultants to conduct Illumination Survey or else you can do it on your own by using a lux meter.
Purpose of Illumination Survey
In short purpose to lighting assessment is study of lighting condition in work environment.
- To identify too much bright light, Glare, Low light and flickering light to avoid potential hazards
- Identify who can be harmed
- Evaluation of risks and hazards and suggestion to improvement employee safety
Illumination survey or lighting assessment
Illuminance is common parameter while studying Illumination measurement. It defines or measures the amount of light is falling on unit surface area of workplace and its Unit is lux (lx). It is used to evaluate the capability of lighting for seeing an object.
Illuminance Measuring Instrument
Illuminance is measured by Lux Meter which is small instrument containing sensor and Display parts. Sensor part is placed on a place where Illuminance to be measured and display part shows reading in Lux unit.
Illuminance Measurement for General Lighting
In general, uniform light is required in workplace to perform particular type of activity. Eg. Office, reception etc. To measure Illuminance environmental consultants can help.
To measure Illuminance big area should be divided into small equal parts and which can be in square shape. Then sensor of luxmeter or Monitor lighting kit is kept at the centre of each square. By observing results we can come to know about distribution of light in workplace. Also Average of all these values obtained by this method gives average value of illuminance.
Illumination Measurement for an Activity
In some workplaces some task may demand more intensity or brightness than normal. In these type of conditions a local light is installed in area of that task or near that workstation.
To measure Illuminance for a particular task majorly 4 Points are selected on work plane. Their Illuminance is measured for each point in illumination monitoring procedure. Average Illuminance of that task place is calculated by taking average for those 4 values.
Below mentioned points to be taken in consideration while measuring Illuminance for a particular task.
- Illumination at workplace should be taken at work-plane. If there is no work-plane is defined then 3 feet from ground can be considered as work-plane.
- Sensor of luxmeter is to be placed in reading plane where employee do reading tasks. Like desks, or Cupboards (to select books etc.). It means it should be placed horizontally on desk and vertically on cupboard.
- Also it is important that the person who is measuring Illuminance should not obstruct the normal lighting path. He should move sideways, back or forth to ensure that he/she is not blocking light falling on Sensor of luxmeter.
- Always select lowest measurement range in luxmeter as it will give more accurate reading.
- The illumination points should not be too close to obstructions, walls or cupboards.
- While conducting Illumination survey for artificial light make sure that daylight is blocked by curtains. It will give you more accurate reading.
Key Elements in Illumination Testing
- Light Intensity Measurement: This involves quantifying the amount of light present in a given space using units such as lux or foot-candles. It helps assess whether the lighting levels meet the desired requirements for the specific application.
- Uniformity of Lighting: Evaluating the distribution of light across a space to ensure consistent and even illumination. This helps prevent areas of high or low illumination, which can impact visual comfort and safety.
- Color Rendering: Assessing the ability of lighting to accurately represent colors. Color rendering index (CRI) is commonly used to measure how well a light source reveals the true colors of objects. Higher CRI values indicate better color accuracy.
- Glare Analysis: Evaluating the presence of excessive brightness or discomfort caused by direct or reflected light. Glare can negatively affect visual performance, productivity, and safety. Testing includes measuring glare indexes and identifying potential glare sources.
- Energy Efficiency: Assessing the energy consumption of lighting systems to promote sustainable practices. This involves analyzing lighting design, fixture efficiency, control systems, and exploring options for energy-saving alternatives.
- Compliance with Standards and Regulations: Ensuring that lighting systems adhere to relevant industry standards and guidelines, such as those set by the Illuminating Engineering Society (IES), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), or local building codes.
- Lighting Design and Analysis: Conducting comprehensive lighting design evaluations, including analysis of lighting layouts, fixture placement, light distribution, and potential areas for improvement or optimization.
- Outdoor Lighting Assessment: Examining lighting conditions in outdoor environments, such as parking lots, roadways, and recreational areas. This includes factors like visibility, light pollution, safety, and compliance with outdoor lighting standards.
What do you mean by Appropriate Level of Illumination or Lighting?
Appropriate level of illumination is the intensity of light which allows you to see what you need to see without any visual discomfort. Illumination is measured in Lux unit.
Read more about Illumination Standards in factory in India
Indian Standards of Lighting of Factories:
In every factory where natural sun light is not reachable or not uniform then in that case additional uniform lighting should be provided. It should avoid hard shadows, strong contrast, free from direct or reflected glare. Role of adequate lighting at workplace plays vital role in employee safety.
Requirement of lighting differs based of type of work & Place. Hence there are two types of lighting requirement based on place and type of work is being carried out.
Recommended Lighting Levels by Maharashtra Factory Rules 1963.
Lighting Standards for Places:
|Area and Work-room.
|Minimum intensity of illumination in Lux
|Stock-yards, main entrance and exit roads, cat-walks of outdoor plants, coal unloading and storage areas
|Passage-ways, and corridors and stairways, warehouses, stock-rooms for large and bulky materials, platforms of outdoor plants, basements
|Engine and boiler rooms, passengers and freight elevators, conveyers crating and boxing departments, store-rooms and stock-rooms for medium and fine materials, lockers rooms, toilet and wash rooms.
Workplace Lighting standards as per Work type:
|Nature of work
|Minimum intensity if illumination in Lux
|Where discrimination of detail is not essential
|Handling of material of coarse nature, rough sorting, grinding of clay products, handling coal or ashes.
|Where slight discrimination of detail is essential.
|Production of semi-finished iron and steel products, rough assembling, milling of grains, opening, carding, drawing, slubbing, roving, spinning (ordinary) counts of cotton.
|Where moderate discrimination of detail is essential.
|Medium assembling, rough bench work and machine work, inspection and testing of products, canning, sawing, venering planning of lumber, sewing of light coloured textiles and leather products, weaving light thread, warping, slashing doubling (fancy) spinning fine counts.
|Where close discrimination of detail is essential.
|Medium bench and machine work fine testing, flour grading, leather finishing, weaving cotton goods, or light coloured woollen goods, welding sub-assembly, drilling, rivetting, book- binding and folding.
|Where discrimination of fine detail is involved under a fair degree of contract for
long periods of time.
|Fine assembling, fine bench and machine work, fine inspection, fine polishing and bevelling of glass, fine wood working, weaving dark
coloured woollen goods.
|Where discrimination of extremely fine detail is involved under conditions of extremely poor contrast for long periods of time.
|Extra fine assembling, extra fine inspection, testing of extra fine instruments, jewellery and watch manufacturing, grading and working of tobacco products, dark cloth hand tailoring, final perching in dye works, make-up and proof reading in printing plants.
Illumination Testing Services
Illumination Survey or Lighting Assessment is very important factor to find out health hazards, it can give idea what are blind spots in workplace, how to overcome them, where to put light sources to get best out of them etc. If this process followed correctly then it will help to increase efficiency and performance of Employees.
We suggest you to that above mentioned concepts are very basic in nature for illumination measurement. An illumination measurement professional may or may not follow these instructions as per his personal judgement or experience.
To know more about Environmental Monitoring and assessment services
Also you can refer Noise Impact Assessment to know more about Measurement of noise level for new project
We Perfect Pollucon Services is Environmental consultancy firm and offers services in Illumination Survey and Workplace Monitoring.
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